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Theatre for Development: testing methodologies

Theatre for Development: testing methodologies is a research project that analyses and evaluates the work of Pan Intercultural Arts (Arts for Social Change) in a number of contexts. The central theme of the work is that the methodologies are passed on to the people who live the situation. They become the leaders, the performers, the workshop facilitators, and can thus work on a peer-to-peer level. PAN sets up the projects, imparts the working strategy and then slowly ‘retreats’ to a mentor role, and finally hands over complete control. This empowerment enables much greater sustainability of projects. Areas include work with: Victims of Torture – UK, Switzerland; Refugees and Asylum Seekers – UK, Switzerland; those involved in Race-based tension – UK; victims of natural disasters – Sri Lanka and Myanmar; communities trapped in poverty – Sri Lanka; disadvantaged girls in slum communities – India; conflict and post conflict areas – Sri Lanka and Palestine. The work has been requested and supported by the British Council, International Red Cross, Global Humanitarian Forum, International Labour Organisation (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The ‘testing’ has been carried out by Professor John Martin, Mojisola Adebayo (playwright, performer and facilitator and RBC Key Practitioner 2011/12/13), Andrew Eglinton, Associate Researcher, and facilitated by Professor Nesta Jones.

A good example of an outcome of PAN’s work in this area was the ACT2: Cultural Relations and Conflict Project, organised as a collaboration with the British Council in partnership with the College, and documented by Andrew Eglinton.

ACT2: Cultural Relations and Conflict

In September 2010, the British Council Switzerland organised a programme of events in and around Geneva under the heading ACT2: Cultural Relations and Conflict. Director of the British Council Switzerland, Caroline Morrissey MBE, and ACT2 Project Manager, Aisha Gilani, convened a group of international activists, artists, academics and practitioners from the applied arts and development sectors to ‘highlight how cultural relations makes a difference in conflict prevention and reconciliation’. The project began with a four‐day training workshop in Image Theatre led by John Martin and Adwoa Dickson of PAN Intercultural Arts, London. It took place in the town of Ueberstorf near Berne and was attended by a group of twenty‐four young activists with varying degrees of experience working in conflict‐affected communities. Thirteen members of the group were from the Shakthi Forum Theatre Company based in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka and set up by PAN in a previous project, while the remaining eleven participants travelled from Chechnya, Georgia, Kenya, Northern Ireland, Palestine, Peru, Rwanda, South Sudan, Yemen and Zimbabwe.

The workshop was followed by a one‐day conference at the Museum of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent in Geneva, where a distinguished panel of practitioners, academics and policy makers gathered to discuss current practices in cultural relations. The panel sessions were chaired by BBC journalist Razia Iqbal and were intercut with short speeches by selected workshop participants. Discussions addressed a range of topics including ethics and cultural relations, methodology and best practice, and the relationship between policy and the applied arts. Act2 culminated in an evening of public performance at the Grütli Arts Centre, Geneva. It began with a full production of a Forum Theatre play by the Shakthi group and ended with a series of songs and spoken word pieces by Act2 Patron, Emmanuel Jal. Jal is a former child soldier turned international hip‐hop artist, actively involved in international development projects. He played a prominent role in the workshop and conference, sharing his experience of using music for social change.

The following report focuses specifically on the four‐day workshop and presents a detailed account of its context, activities and outcomes. The report’s guiding questions include: what were the key aims of the workshop and to what extent were they achieved? How was the work in Image Theatre conducted and received? What can be learnt from the workshop as a model for teaching basic notions of applied theatre to a heterogeneous group ‘outside the field’? Before turning to the workshop proper, I would like to add two further contextual notes to the report: one on the background and function of Image Theatre, and the other on some of the challenges in planning an international applied theatre workshop. (more….)

The methodologies were further tested in 2012 through an invitation from Artscape, South Africa, to visit schools and colleges in Cape Town and environs to work with teachers and arts facilitators.

This project is ongoing.


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